INTRODUCTION – Why is this a Global Justice Issue?
The abolition of the transatlantic slave trade began 200 years ago, and many schools marked this event. However, new forms of slavery are prevalent today. It is estimated that there are currently there are approximately 40 million men, woman and children in some form of slavery in the world today (international Labour Organisation stats).
Modern slavery is an overarching term used to describe its various forms such as: human trafficking, forced and compulsory labour, bonded labour and slavery.
Human trafficking is a process of bringing a person into a situation of exploitation through a series of actions, including deceptive recruitment and coercion.
Forced labour is any work or services which people are not doing voluntarily and which is exacted under a threat of some form of punishment.
Bonded labour is demanded as a means of repayment of a debt or a loan.
Slavery is a situation where a person exercises (perceived) power of ownership over another person.