Development Education


Methodologies



How we approach teaching global justice issues is central to the learning and outcomes of our students. Development Education (DE) can be seen as overwhelming, given the scale and depth of issues which it covers. However, the approach we take and methodologies we use are central to breaking issues down and unpacking them with students.

Active and participatory learning methodologies are key to DE. Teachers take on a facilitation role – using methodologies to support students learning, rather than them being the central port of information and answers. Students are therefore enabled to play an active role in shaping their learning, and teachers learn alongside them.

Utilising active and participatory learning methodologies, teachers can support students to build their knowledge, skills, values and attitudes to ultimately take action on global issues of injustice that are important to them.

Most DE resources and packs use active and participatory learning methodologies such as simulation, ranking, freeze-frame or hot-seating.

Here are a few examples to start you off:


Active Teaching and Learning methods shifts the role of the teacher and the learning environment:


From:

  • Teacher-centred classroom
  • Product-centred learning
  • Teacher as a transmitter of knowledge
  • Teacher as a ‘doer’ for learners
  • Subject-specific focus

To:

  • Learner-centred classroom
  • Process-centred learning
  • Teacher as an organiser of knowledge
  • Teacher as an ‘enabler’
  • Holistic learning focus

…and the role of students:


From:

  • Passive recipients of knowledge
  • Answering questions
  • Being spoon-fed
  • Competing with one another
  • Wanting to have their own say
  • Learning individual subjects

To:

  • Active and participatory learners
  • Asking questions
  • Taking responsibility for their own learning
  • Collaborating in their learning
  • Actively listening to the opinions of others
  • Connecting their learning